Internet of Things (IoT)
Security

Protect and secure data and information transmitted between sensors, connecting devices
and IoT Applications

What is IoT?

Internet of things (IoT) is a collection of many interconnected objects, services, humans, and devices that can communicate, share data, and information to achieve a common goal in different areas and applications.

IoT has many implementation domains like transportation, agriculture, healthcare, energy production and distribution. Devices in IoT follow an Identity Management approach to be identified in a collection of similar and heterogeneous devices.

Similarly, a region in IoT can be defined by an IP address but within each region each entity has a unique. The purpose of IoT is to transform the way we live today by making intelligent devices around us perform daily tasks and chores. Smart homes, smart cities, smart transportation and infrastructure etc. are the terms which are used in relevance with IoT. There are many application domains of IoT, ranging from personal to enterprise environments.

Why is IoT Security Important?

IoT mainly operates on three layers termed as Perception, Network, and Application layers. Each layer of IoT has inherent security issues associated with it.

Perception Layer

The Perception Layer is also known as the “Sensors” layer in IoT. The purpose of this layer is to acquire the data from the environment with the help of sensors and actuators. This layer detects, collects, and processes information and then transmits it to the network layer. This layer also performs the IoT node collaboration in local and short-range networks.

Network Layer

IoT mainly operates on three layers termed as Perception, Network, and Application layers. Each layer of IoT has inherent security issues associated with it.

The Network Layer of IoT serves the function of data routing and transmission to different IoT hubs and devices over the Internet. At this layer, cloud computing platforms, Internet gateways, switching, and routing devices etc. operate by using some of the very recent technologies such as Wi-Fi, LTE, Bluetooth, 4G or 5G etc. The network gateways serve as the mediator between different IoT nodes by aggregating, filtering, and transmitting data to and from different sensors.

Application Layer

The Application Layer guarantees the authenticity, integrity, and confidentiality of the data. At this layer, the purpose of IoT or the creation of a smart environment is achieved.

Each IoT layer is susceptible to security threats and attacks. These can be active, or passive, and can originate from external sources or internal network owing to an attack by the Insider

An active attack directly stops the service while the passive kind monitors IoT network information without hindering its service. At each layer, IoT devices and services are susceptible to Denial-of-Service attacks (DoS), which make the device, resource or network unavailable to authorized users.

Typical security goals of Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability (CIA) also apply to IoT. However, the IoT has many restrictions and limitations in terms of the components and devices, computational and power resources, and even the heterogonous and ubiquitous nature of IoT that introduce additional concerns.

The security challenges of IoT can be broadly divided into two classes: Technological challenges and Security challenges. There are different mechanisms to ensure security including but not limited to: -

  • The software running on all IoT devices should be authorized.
  • When an IoT device is turned on, it should first authenticate itself into the network before collecting or sending data.
  • Since the IoT devices have limited computation and memory capabilities, firewalling is necessary in IoT network to filter packets directed to the devices.
  • The updates and patches on the device should be installed in a way that additional bandwidth is not consumed.

Talk to our Cybersecurity Trusted Advisor’s to learn how you can effectively mitigate these Security Threats and Risks.

cyber security service
cyber security service
cyber security service
cyber security service
cyber security service
cyber security service
cyber security service